2 - CORRELATION BETWEEN HARDINESS AND THE SENSE OF COHERENCE
a Hyperion University of Bucharest
b Ion Creangă Pedagogical State University, Chișinau
The concept of hardiness as an individual variable regarding stress resistance, was introduced by Kobasa (1979). Hardiness was defined as a personality trait manifesting on the cognitive, emotional and behavioral levels. The concept represents attitudes and convictions about the world.
The sense of coherence, as developed by Aaron Antonovsky (1979) stands as a cognitive characteristic, meaning the way a person perceives, judges and interprets the world. The author has established eight types of predictions, regarding the evolution of the sense of coherence depending on the way understanding, control and purpose factors correlate.
The research is aimed to show the important correlations between the two constructs. A number of 357 participants with ages between 18 and 80, selected from different social categories completed the Dispositional Resilience Scale (DRS-15) and the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC13) adapted for the Romanian population. Using a bidirectional correlation study we found a significantly positive correlation between the hardiness and the sense of coherence. A deterioration of the resistance to stress was observed and an impairment of coping mechanisms along with a qualitative decrease of perception of environment and the erroneous interpretation of extrinsic and intrinsic stimuli.
Cuvinte cheie: robustețe, sensul coerenței, coping, stres.
Keywords: hardiness, sense of coherence, coping, stres.
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