6 - RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS, CANCER AND IMMUNE SYSTEM
University of Bucharest, Department of Psychology
Nowadays, stress has become an important concept in modern society which has led to its understanding and especially the negative effects it has on health. In our time the structures subject to most stress are not the muscles, bones or internal organs, not anymore; the emotional area, namely the mind and the soul are now subject to it. The disease of the 21st century is the stress generated by the impact which the excessively large amount of information to be processed in a very short time has upon mankind. Prolonged exposure to stress can adversely affect the health, accompanying most often during cancer disease, favouring anxiety (Burgess et al., 2005), depression (Spiegel & Giese-Davis, 2003), the occurrence of stroke or myocardial infarction (Neelakantan, 2013). Most common mental disorders in neoplastic diseases are depression and anxiety, which may occur at different times during the course of the disease: when the diagnosis has been communicated, during treatment, at the time of relapse, etc. Quality of life of a cancer patient also decreases due to the negative impact of the disease on the immune system, especially in cancer progression and spread through the body (Andersen et al., 1994).
Cuvinte cheie: cancer, stres, imunitate, tulburări psihice, recidive, calitatea vieții
Keywords: cancer, stress, immunity, mental disorders, relapse, quality of life
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