THE INFLUENCE OF SMOKING ON TOLERANCE TO FRUSTRATION AND ON ATTENTION
MIHAI VALENTIN CIOLACU
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Department of Psychology
This research aims to verify if any statistically significant difference exists between smokers and nonsmokers in terms of tolerance to frustration and attention. Besides these issues, the differences between smokers who just smoked a cigarette and those who have not lit a cigarette in 4 hours are also addressed. To experimentally test these hypotheses we used two samples from the computerized test battery Vienna Test System - Schuchfried. The first sample used was Vigilance (Vigil) and the second one was Visual Persuit Test (LVT). Participants were grouped as follows: nonsmokers, smokers who smoked a cigarette before taking the test and smokers who have not lit a cigarette in at least 4 hours. For this test we chose subjects that were smokers for at least 4 years and smoke at least 12 cigarettes per day. Each group consisted of 20 participants. Research hypotheses were confirmed and the non-smokers group achieved the best performance on the tests. On the second place was the group consisting of those who smoked a cigarette shortly before the test started. On the third place came the group consisting of those who have not smoked a cigarette for at least 4 hours before testing. The differences between groups were statistically significant which highlights the fact that smokers have a lower tolerance to frustration and a low vigilance especially when they had not smoked a cigarette in several hours.
Keywords: smoking, cigarette, alertness, attention, frustration tolerance
This article can be cited as:
5. M.V. Ciolacu (2013). The influence of smoking on tolerantion to frustration and on attention . Romanian Journal of Experimental Applied Psychology, vol. 3, no.4, pp. 41-47, 2013.
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