Developing metacognitive skills as a foundation of learning a foreign language
aUniversity of Bucharest,
Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences
Department of Doctoral School
Metacognition is seen as what people know about cognition in general and about their own cognitive processes, in particular, as well as how they use this knowledge to adjust their informational processes and behaviour to specific situations. Metacognition, with its two dimensions: knowledge about cognition and regulation of cognition, has been regarded as one of the factors that can influence performance in learning a foreign language. Previous research also shows that students’ metacognitive awareness can be raised by offering them the strategies that promote thinking about the learning process. So, we proposed a metacognitive training programme, implemented during a university semester, in order to test the effectiveness of such metacognitive methods in learning a foreign language by students who do not major in languages. The results obtained in the analysed group show that metacognitive skills for language learning can be successfully developed in students. The experimental approach of this topic offered the possibility to identify the most appropriate modalities for intervention in terms of duration of the program, of the strategies presented and used actively during English classes so that the programme is effective.
Cuvinte cheie: metacogniţie, strategii metacognitve, învăţarea limbilor străine.
Keywords: metacognition, metacognitive strategies, foreign language learning.
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