Tags: ANDRA CRĂCIUN , psychotherapy , REBT techniques , cognitive-behavioral therapy , humor based therapy , dysfunctional and irrational cognitions
RATIONAL-EMOTIVE PSYCHOTHERAPY TECHNIQUES: BRIEF DESCRIPTION
University of Bucharest, Department of Psychology
Rational-emotive therapy is an important method as the patients who involve in such therapy benefit from an efficient, solution-centered therapy that allow them to develop abilities of managing stressful events independently in a short time. This article is focused to come in help of those who need direction for a better understanding of REBT specifics. The author underline that before starting the process of cognitive restructuring, we must be sure that the client accepts and understands the fact that these are the causes of his emotional, behavioral or psychophysiological reactions. In this way, Ellis (2006) considered that people are at the same time natural born self-sabotaging, by practicing and embracing irrational beliefs and taking action based on them, but they also own the power to not believe in this thought, being at the same time natural born self-savors. The therapist must facilitate restructuring the knowledge system of the client by constructing a new one both functional and rational. Furthermore, Ellis (2006) highlights that humor and ironies are important in changing dysfunctional and irrational cognitions. Conclusions: REBT is a therapy that promotes unconditional self-acceptance; by encouraging the client to directly confront the patient to the situations that provoke negative emotions, and by focusing on the absolutist beliefs and confronting them.
Keywords: psychotherapy, REBT techniques, cognitive-behavioral therapy, humor based therapy, dysfunctional and irrational cognitions.
This article can be cited as:
3. A. Craciun (2012). Rational-emotive psychotherapy techniques: brief description. Romanian Journal of Experimental Applied Psychology, vol. 3 no.2, pp.12-20, 2012.
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