THE MARLOWE-CROWNE SOCIAL DESIRABILITY SCALE IN ROMANIA: THE DEVELOPMENT OF A 13 ITEM SHORT FORM
PAUL SÂRBESCUªb , SILVIA RUSUª, IULIANA COSTEAª b,
ªWest University of Timişoara, Bld. V. Pârvan nr. 4, Timişoara, 300233, Romania
bBucharest University, Bld. M. Kogălniceanu nr. 34-36, 050107, Romania
This research investigated the psychometric properties of the Romanian version of the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MCSDS; Crowne & Marlowe, 1960), while also aiming the development of a short form. Method: Participants: The total sample (n = 215) consisted of 195 males (90.7%) and 20 females (9.3%). The age of the respondents ranged from 20 to 35 years (M = 26.63, SD = 4.20). The sample consisted of students, their friends and relatives. All subjects volunteered to take part in the study. Along with the original 33 item scale, a 21 item version and a 13 item version were tested using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). The results showed that both short versions achieved better fit than the original scale, the 13 item one being the most adequate. Although the 21 item version proved a bit higher reliability than the original scale, while the 13 item version showed a bit lower reliability, all three versions achieved satisfactory reliability. All three versions proved satisfactory reliability. This research supports the use of the MCSDS 13 item short form in future research requiring the measurement of social desirability. Conclusion: this research shows that the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale is a reliable instrument in the Romanian culture. Also, it provides two short forms which seem to be more adequate than the original scale, with the 13 item version appearing to be the most reliable one.
Keywords: Social Desirability, Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale, short form, psychometric properties.
This article can be cited as:
6. P. Sarbescu, S. Rusu & I.Costea (2012). The Marlowe-Crown social desirability scale in Romania: the development of a 13 item short form. Romanian Journal of Experimental Applied Psychology, vol. 3 no.2, pp. 37-44, 2012.
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