LEADERS AND THE POWER OF INFLUENCE IN ORGANIZATIONS: A THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE
RADU I. POPA
University of Bucharest, Department of Psychology
The present paper examines from a theoretical perspective the major outlines inside the leader – follower association, in organizational context, following the outcomes and processes of leaders’ influence in relation with individual and group performance. The psychological measurement and evaluation of leadership and the degree of influence often calls for a unique setting of combined evaluation criteria, multiple methodological procedures and valid data sets. The scholarly research literature presents frequently the well-known association between the personality features, the style of leadership and the outcomes on group management, with a direct connection in the degree of influence, positive or negative results, which affect performance at organizational level. In conclusion, studies sustain the idea that a proper and adaptativ style of leadership, an optimal degree of positive influence and an adequate group management lead toward efficient results, with a functional impact upon the task performance, while at the same time a negative use of power, influence and status may well lead towards failure in the group’s coordination and the absence of positive outcomes.
Keywords: leadership styles, empowerment, social influence.
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