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4 - THE IMPACT OF THE PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT TRAINING ON REDUCING THE PERCEIVED LEVEL OF NEGATIVE EMOTIONS AND THE PERCEIVED LEVEL OF DEPRESSION AND IMPROVING THE PERCEIVED LEVEL OF THE POSITIVE EMOTIONS

 

Teodor Vasilea

a University of Bucharest, Department of Psychology

Abstract

Besides being a very common phenomenon, both individually and socially, depression affects the ability to perceive the surrounding world correctly, reduces drastically the desire to live, reinforces negative feelings such as guilt, anger, lack of trust, inability to believe in itself and its own power, breaks the individual from the reality, affects individual daily activities, such as sleeping and eating, resulting in the most dismal case, referring to major depression, to suicide. This study is focused on how we can improve the perceived level of the positive emotions, and how we can reduce the perceived negative emotions and the perceived level of depression as a result of attenting a personal development training. Method: the participants are a group of 15 people, aged between 23 and 46 years old (Mean=35.066; S.D.=6.83), 11 female and 4 male participants. The instruments: Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (Zung, 1965) and The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule – PANAS (Watson et al., 1988). The third instrument is the personal development training used, for a period of six months. This training represents the independent variable. The dependent variables: the perceived level of depression, positive emotions: attentive, interested, alert, enthusiastic, excited, inspired, proud, determined, strong, and active; for negative emotions: distressed, upset, hostile, irritable, scared, afraid, ashamed, guilty, nervous, and jittery. In order to prevent depression is necessary to reinforce the protective factors and decreasing risk factors (Marcus et. al, 2012), implementation of a positive way of thinking and an attitude of confidence in its own forces and switching to a desire to live and cope with the challenges of life. Everyone should love life, live every moment to the fullest, regardless of the obstacles that tend to occur during one’s life, representing a gift to each of us.

Cuvinte cheie: depresie, stări emoționale, dezvoltare personală, psihoterapie, încredere în viață.

Keywords: depression, emotional states, personal development, psychotherapy, life confidence.


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